Glencorse Barracks, <<not-applicable>>, Military Base, Penicuik

Glencorse Barracks are situated in Glencorse just outside the town of Penicuik in Midlothian, Scotland.HistoryThe site was originally occupied by Greenlaw House, a 17th-century mansion. The current buildings on the site were constructed in 1803, during the Napoleonic Wars, when they were first used to hold French prisoners of war in a facility then known as Greenlaw Military Prison. The only surviving building from that time is the former Prison Guardroom, which is now the Clocktower. In 1804 Greenlaw House was itself converted to accommodate prisoners of war. Nothing remains of house: however, it is thought that the cellars of the officers' mess owe their existence to this mansion.The whole site, which had previously been leased from a private landlord, was acquired outright by the War Office in 1812. Additional buildings were erected in 1813, at a cost of £100,000, to house 6,000 prisoners and their guards. However, the Napoleonic Wars came to an end a year later and the prisoners were sent home. Most of the prisoners were crews of privateers - nearly 300 men were confined in the mansion house. Ensign Hugh Maxwell was convicted of culpable homicide for the death, in January 1807, of Charles Cottier, a prisoner in Greenlaw House. Maxwell was the commander of a guard of 36 men of the Lanarkshire Militia, who were, at the time, based in Penicuik. He was imprisoned in the Tolbooth at Canongate for 9 months.A monument which was erected at Valleyfield in memory of those prisoners who died in captivity is now surrounded by houses in this redeveloped area of the river valley.

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Address & Contact

Street:
Edinburgh Road
City:
Penicuik
Phone:
<<not-applicable>>
Website:
https://canmore.org.uk/site/110877
Category:
Military Base

Map & Directions

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